Scandinavian design is a design aesthetic characterized by minimalism, functionality, and simplicity. It originated in the Nordic countries of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, and Finland in the 1950s and has since become popular around the world. The Scandinavian design key principles include:
Scandinavian design is known for its minimalistic approach which is characterized by clean lines, simple forms, and a lack of ornamentation. The focus is on the essentials and only what is truly necessary is included in the design. This gives the space a sense of calm and simplicity, making it easy to navigate and easy on the eyes.
Functionality is a key principle in Scandinavian design. The furniture and decor are chosen for their practicality and usability rather than for their aesthetic appeal. This means that furniture is designed to be comfortable, easy to use, and to serve its intended purpose well. The design is also focused on making the most of the space, which allows for easy movement and flow.
Simplicity is a core principle of Scandinavian design. The design is uncluttered and avoids unnecessary complexity. This is achieved by using a limited color palette, clean lines, and simple forms. The result is a design that is easy to understand and easy to live with.
4. Natural Materials
Natural materials such as wood, stone, and textiles are often used in Scandinavian design. These materials bring warmth and a connection to nature into the space. They also add texture and depth to the design, which helps to create a sense of coziness. Wood, in particular, is a common element in Scandinavian design, often used in flooring, furniture, and decor.
5. Light Colors
Light colors, such as white, beige, and pale gray, are often used in Scandinavian design to create a sense of spaciousness and to reflect light. This allows natural light to flood into the space, creating a bright and airy atmosphere. This principle also creates a sense of continuity and makes the space feel larger than it actually is.
6. Connection to Nature
Connection to nature is an important principle in Scandinavian design. Elements of nature, such as plants, natural materials, and natural light, are incorporated into the design to bring a sense of calm and tranquility to the space. This can be achieved by incorporating natural wood into the design, adding plants or incorporating a view of nature through a window.
The design is focused on creating a warm and inviting space that is comfortable to be in. Attention to detail and textures is given to make it cozy. This can be achieved through the use of soft fabrics, comfortable furniture, and warm lighting. The design should also be ergonomic, with a good balance of hard and soft surfaces to make it easy to move around and relax.
So these are the Scandinavian Design Key Principles that you can apply to your project.